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Early Learning Goals

 

At the end of Reception, each child will be assessed against a number of key areas called the Early Learning Goals (ELG). We aim to explain what is expected for each area here:

 

PRIME AREAS OF LEARNING

 

Communication & Language

ELG 01 - Listening and Attention

Children listen attentively in a range of situations. They listen to stories, accurately anticipating key events, and respond to what they hear with relevant comments, questions or actions. They give their attention to what others say and respond appropriately, while engaged in another activity.

ELG 02 - Understanding

Children follow instructions involving several ideas or actions. They answer ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions about their experiences and in response to stories or events.

ELG 03 - Speaking

Children express themselves effectively, showing awareness of listeners’ needs. They use past, present and future forms accurately when talking about events that have happened or are to happen in the future. They develop their own narratives and explanations by connecting ideas or events.

 

Physical Development

ELG 04 - Moving and Handling

Children show good control and coordination in large and small movements. They move confidently in a range of ways, safely negotiating space. They handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing.

ELG 05 - Health and Self-Care

Children know the importance for good health of physical exercise and a healthy diet, and talk about ways to keep healthy and safe. They manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs successfully, including dressing and going to the toilet independently.

 

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

ELG 06 - Self-Confidence and Self-Awareness

Children are confident to try new activities, and to say why they like some activities more than others. They are confident to speak in a familiar group, will talk about their ideas, and will choose the resources they need for their chosen activities. They say when they do or don’t need help.

ELG 07 - Managing Feelings and Behaviour

Children talk about how they and others show feelings, talk about their own and others’ behaviour, and its consequences, and know that some behaviour is unacceptable. They work as part of a group or class, and understand and follow rules. They adjust their behaviour to different situations, and take changes of routine in their stride.

ELG 08 - Making Relationships

Children play cooperatively, taking turns with others. They take account of one another’s ideas about how to organise their activity. They show sensitivity to others’ needs and feelings, and form positive relationships with adults and other children.

 

Alongside these Prime Areas of Learning are four further 'Specific Areas of Learning':

 

Literacy - developing early skills in reading and writing and using phonics to read and write words and sentences;

Mathematics - learning about number, counting, quantity, measurement, shape and space;

Understanding the World - investigating and beginning to understand the things, places and people around the local community and showing an awareness of other cultures and religions;

Expressive Arts & Design - finding ways to communicate by using colour, shape, sound, texture, dance, movement, role-play and stories.

 

Our staff plan for a range of experiences and opportunities which allow the children to explore their feelings and responsibilities within all of these areas of learning. We reflect on and celebrate the differences in our community.

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